DARK EYE CIRCLE
With our stressful and fast paced lifestyle, dark eye circles is becoming a common problem. Today, let me teach you some tips so you can say goodbye to Panda Eyes!
So what are dark eye circles?
It’s largely 2 issues, the discolouration and the volume change.
Dark eye circles form as a result of vascular change, volume loss and pigmentation.
- Vacular changes – which can be purple, blue, pink depending on the oxygenation in the blood
- Volume loss – which is a direct result of ageing, where the skin develops fines lines and wrinkles and sags, and you lose volume in the cheeks
- Pigmentation – which is the stimulation of your melanin cells, commonly as a result of sun exposure.
What causes eye puffiness?
Puffiness is commonly a result of fluid retention. So here are some good home remedies.
- Cut down on salt please. This helps the puffiness, and your health.
- Apply cold cucumber to your under eye area.
- Apply caffeinated green tea bags, straight from the fridge.
So what causes dark eye circles?
The reasons can be divided into 3 areas.
- Ageing – Mainfested by volume loss in the cheeks, undereye skin thinning, undereye fat bulging (the eyebags).
- Genetics and allergies-> notably history of allergic rhinitis, atopic eczema.
- Lifestyle -> for example poor or lack of sleep, taking too much coffee and alcohol, smoking, sun exposure etc, which leads to venous pooling and vascular changes.
(A patient with heavy eyebags)
How can we treat Fine undereye wrinkles?
Fine lines in your lower lids can be improved with microbotox if they are produced during smiling and squinting.
This is an advance treatment commonly performed in Asia. But not everyone is suitable as the main side effect is eyebag protrusion when your orbicularis oculi muscles are weakend with toxin.
I would recommend consulting an advanced injector to assess your suitability.
Step 1: Improve skin quality: This is achieved through monthly injections of skinboosters and rejuran healer.
Step 2: Improve skin texture: This is achieved through energy based devices, HIFU, thermage eye.
Step 3: Improve volume in skin: This is achieved through undereye fillers.
So how can we treat dark eye circles?
Treatment is customised and related to your underlying cause.
For example, in Asians, vascular changes is a common cause. So for females, the dark eye circles may vary in intensity with your monthly menstrual cycle and sleep patterns.
Let me share with you the various ways of treatment, from the simple to the more invasive.
Treating the cause:
Conservative measures include lifestyle changes.
- Adequate sleep and taking less coffee and alcohol,
- Not rubbing the area around the eyes,
- Cut down on smoking, and sun exposure.
More active measures for removal include
- Sunprotection – Here I cant stress enough the T.C.S principle. Time, cover and shade. Time: The sun is strongest between 10am to 4pm so please use stay indoors if you can. Cover: Use your brolly, sunglasses whenever you head out for lunch. Sunscreen: Generous use of sunscreen will complete the picture.
- Use of lightening products that contain hydroquinone and Vit C. Hydroquinone is the gold standard for lightening, and found in medical grade clinics only.
- Advanced Dermatological procedures. Lasers to lighten pigments and grow collagen, Fillers to fill up grooves. Micobotox to soften fine lines.
How fillers help dark eye circles?
Fillers can be used to volumize the cheeks and tear trough, hence reducing the shadow effect. So looking at the diagram above, your dermatologist can fill the grooves under the eye to correct the defect and improve the reflection of light.
It’s important to find a doctor who isnt just fixated on filling the defects, but one with an artistic eye to correct and enhance your best features.
How is undereye fillers done?
Tear trough hollowness occurs due to loss of underlying soft tissue.
An expert injector would be able to correct your hollowness with minimal risk, especially using a micro-cannula technique.
What are the risks of undereye filler?
Bruises, swelling. The undereye is a delicate area with thin skin. Hence there is a risk of swelling and bruising. Bruising and swelling in the undereye from fillers is very normal, and in general take 2 weeks to resolve. This is of course an average, some people taking longer, some people shorter.
Rare cases, a risk of blindness.
More than 100 million filler treatments performed worldwide, with 100 + reported cases of blindness, of which most were due to nose fillers.
The above risks are minimised with micro-cannula technique.
Which is the best filler for under eyes?
I would suggest Restylane Vital Light, and Teosyal Redensity 2. Both are ultra soft hylaronic acid fillers, so results will be most natural as the undereye skin is extremely thin. And from a safety perspective, this can be reversed if needed.
Surgical measures would include
- Fat grafting- which works on the same principle as fillers, which is to volumise defects.
- Eyelid surgery – bleopharoplasty
- Surgical cheeklift. So I hope this has been helpful.
What about other options?
CO2 laser only improves skin texture, not the grooves. It requires minimum 4 sessions spaced a month apart. Results lasting a year.
Fat transfer is a single session with unpredictable results. Effects last several years.
Undereye fillers is a single session with predictable and consistent results. Effects last a year.
To learn more about:
Threadlifts, pls click here Facelift, V-Lift.
Dermal fillers, pls click here ABCs to Dermal Fillers.
Pigmentation, pls click here Pigmentation.
Acne, pls click here. Acne.